Note: This page will serve as a grab bag for raw leads that I’ve stumbled upon. They may lead to or be included in future posts. As post-its of where I’ve wandered and might want to revisit, they make sense to me but, like a cluttered desk, they may be chaotic and meaningless to others.

Officer Ukuma” by Ikemiyagi Sekiho, from Southern Exposure: Modern Japanese Literature from Okinawa, edited by Michael Molasky and Steve Rabson, translated by Davinder Bhowmik, University of Hawaii Press, 2000. Source:

The Okinawas: Their Distinguishing Characteristics – Okinawan Studies No. 2, Office of Strategic Services, Honolulu, Hawaii, 27 March 1944

Gavan McCormack and Satoko Oka Norimatsu, Resistant Islands: Okinawa Confronts Japan and the United States, Rowan & Littlefield, 2012. Read excerpts here.

Yuko Yamauchi, “My Taikai Experiences – Thoughts on the Uchinanchu Global Network,” Discover Nikkei, 4/16/08. “I learned quickly in the short few days of the Taikai that local people were not part of many of these ceremonies and performances…. I sensed that the real disconnect may have been simply because there weren’t enough venues for real interaction between the overseas and local Uchinanchu…. In hindsight, while the Taikai has certainly evolved over the years and many of the overseas participants have an unforgettable time, I can’t help but feel that there are missed opportunities for more connection—group collaboration as well as personal friendships.”

Laura Homan Lacey, Stay off the Skyline: The Sixth Marine Division on Okinawa — An Oral History, Potomac Books, 2007. See the section on the Okinawan people. “A higher ranking Sergeant took no heed / Of my order to leave the little girl be. / His first round missed, going astray. / His second shot tore her intestines away.”

Masato Matsui, Tomoyoshi Kurokawa, and Minako I. Song, Ryukyu: An Annotated Bibliography, Honpo Shoseki Press, 1981.

World War II Military Records Japanese Surnames, compiled by Dianne Kiyomoto, I Dream of Genealogy website.

George Feifer, Tennozan: The Battle of Okinawa and the Atomic Bomb, Ticknor & Fields, 1992. Suggested by Harold Kameya: “That gave me a better sense of what the people of Okinawa went through during the war” (6/5/15).

Gregory Smits, “Examining the Myth of Ryukyuan Pacifism,” Asia-Pacific Journal, 37-3-10, 13 Sep. 2010.

Dan Buettner, “Why Japan’s Longest-Lived Women Hold the Key to Better Health,” HuffPost, 4/7/15.

Jonathan Mirsky, “Okinawa: Why They Chose Death,” NYRev, 10/23/14. A review of Descent into Hell: Civilian Memories of the Battle of Okinawa, translated by Mark Ealey and Alastair McLauchlan, published by Merwin Asia and distributed by University of Hawaii Press.

Jon Mitchell, “Battle scars: Okinawa and the Vietnam War,” Japan Times, 3/7/15. “With the island protected by neither the constitutions of the U.S. or Japan, the Pentagon exploited this limbo by stockpiling an unprecedented arsenal of chemical weapons and atomic warheads there during the 1950s and 1960s, and building more than 80 installations….”

Tsuyoshi Arakaki, “Ryukyu’s International Treaties return to Okinawa after 141 years,” Ryukyu Shimpo, 2/4/15.

Yukie Yoshikawa, Commodore Perry and the Ryukyu Kingdom, Research Web Site, Okinawa Prefectural Government, n.d. [Liuchiuan]

Ryūkyūan Dancer and Musicians by Miyagawa Chōshun, c. 1718, hanging scroll, ink and color on silk, 60 x 105.5 cm.

Images of ‘Old Okinawa’ — 1853-1930s,” Okinawa – Pre-WW2, Okinawa Soba, n.d.

Adam Ledford, “The Evolution of Karate,” Tofugu website, 6/27/14.

Joseph R. Svinth, “Karate Pioneer Kentsu Yabu, 1866-1937,” Journal of Combative Sport, Jun 2003.

GodzillaRadio, “Five Great Ryukyu Island Songs,” J-Burogu 1/26/12.

Keiichi Omoto and Naruya Saitou, “Genetic Origins of the Japanese: A Partial Support for the Dual Structure Hypothesis,” American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 1997. [International Research Center for Japanese Studies, Kyoto,]

Ann Kumar, Globalizing the Prehistory of Japan: Language, Genes and Civilisation, Routledge, 2009.

Documentary movie set in Miyako Islands wins prize at Locarno International Film Festival,” Ryukyu Shimpo, 8/17/11: Sketches of Myahk (directed by Koichi Onishi), a documentary movie focusing on the spiritual songs passed on through the ages in the Miyako Islands was awarded Special Mention of the Critics Week Jury 2011, a second Grand Prize in the category of Critics’ Week in 64th Locarno International Film Festival held in Switzerland from August 3 to 13.


William Leonard Schwartz, “Commodore Perry at Okinawa: From the Unpublished Diary of a British Missionary,” American Historical Review, Jan. 1946.

Craig L. Symonds, “Perry’s Mission to Japan: November 1852-March 1854,” in The Naval Institute Historical Atlas of the U. S. Navy. Naval Institute Press, 1995.

Toranosuke, “Day 5 in Okinawa: Taking in the Sites,” 上り口説 Nubui Kuduchi, 8/17/13.

Nicholas D. Kristof, “Exploring The Darker Side Of Okinawa,” NYT, 1/21/96.

George Smith, D.D., Lord Bishop of Victoria, Lewchew and the  Lewchewans; Being a Narrative of a Visit to Lewchew, or Loo Choo, in October, 1850. London: T. Hatchard, 187, Piccadilly 1853.

George H. Kerr, Ryukyu Kingdom and Province Before 1945, National Academy of Sciences, 15 June 1953. (also

Anthony Camina. “Mount Yaedake and Sakura no Mori Park.” Okinawa Hai. 6 Aug. 2014. “Mt. Yaedake is well worth your time because it is home to one of the most abundant and spectacular collection of panoramic vistas on the island. Thankfully Yaedake’s roads are wide and well maintained with plenty of convenient parking lots thoughtfully placed as you work your way to higher elevations.”

Emily Cozzie. Anjina Beach Café. Okinawa Hai. 8 Aug. 2014. “My husband decided on chicken cutlet curry with cheese while I got a deep fried grilled cheese and ham sandwich. Both dishes were very good and I highly recommend both. As if sitting down for a relaxing meal and coffee wasn’t enough, there is a beach right outside the cafe where we have seen the locals swimming and wind surfing.”

Jun Ikemura. “Izena is birthplace of King Sho En of Ryukyu Kingdom.” Japan Update. 15 Aug. 2014. “The founder of the second Sho dynasty of the Ryukyu Kingdom, King Sho En was born on Izena, and it can be said he is the man who was most successful in the history of the Ryukyu Kingdom…. His reign was the beginning of the 2nd Sho dynasty…. His dynasty lasted unbroken from 1470 until 1879 when the Meiji government of Japan brought the Ryukyu Kingdom to an end, made Okinawa one of its prefectures, and abolished the Ryukyu Royal court.”

10,000 Eisa Dance Parade in Naha.” Ryukyu Shimpo. 4 Aug. 2014. “With about 30 eisa organizations, the participants of the 10,000 Eisa Dance Parade performed vigorous eisa dance in Naha on August 3.”

William H. Honan. “Hunt for Royal Treasure Leads Okinawan to a House in Massachusetts.” NY Times. 13 July 1997.

Okinawan Names (Facebook)

Dennis Frost. “A Basic Guide to Resources on Okinawan and Ryukyuan History.” Columbia U, December 2000.

John Michael Purves. Ryukyu-Okinawa History & Culture Website. (About)

Miyume Tanji. The Enduring Myth of an Okinawan Struggle: The History and Trajectory of a Diverse Community of Protest. Dissertation, Murdoch U, 2003. (alternate link)

Shiroma (

Steve Rabson. Being Okinawan in Japan: The Diaspora Experience

Gretchen E. Leonhardt. The Okinawan Sekiban (石版)

Tania Ginoza. Lahaina Plantation Days…The Ginoza family of Puukolii Camp. 20 October 2011.

Uchinanchu Name Collection – Popular Okinawa Name top 100 List (Working List of Okinawan Surnames)

Stephen H. Sumida. Okinawa, Hawai’i, and the American Popular Imagination. Institute for American Studies, Rikkyo U.  March 2005.

Common Surnames in Japan

Akemi Johnson. In Okinawa Last Summer. Brown U.

Akemi Johnson. Ladies’ Night: Circling the Bases on Okinawa. Kyoto Journal.

4 Responses to Notebook

  1. Shane says:

    Shinshiro should be included in the surnames

    • loochoo77 says:

      Thanks Shane! Will add asap!

    • Keith Shimabukuro says:

      I have an old book of Ryukyuan Names that list name through out the archipelago. I did not see names like Nako, Nakaganeku, Oganeku, Ahagon etc…..

      • loochoo77 says:

        Keith, mahalo for taking the time to review the list of names. Some of the names, such as “Nako,” have diacritical marks that thwart search engines so they may not show up in searches. However, “Nakaganeku” was missing from the K-R list, so I added it. Thank you! -Jim

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